Traffic rules and regulations for cyclists as per Act No. 361/2000
§ 3 Basic rules for participation in road in public
(1) A person, who due to age or to reduced physical or mental capacity, could put in danger the safety of the traffic must not participate in the traffic. This does not apply if the person himself or another person has taken appropriate measures to ensure that the safety of the traffic will not be put in danger.
(2) To drive a vehicle or ride an animal on the road can only a person which is enough physically and mentally fit to drive a vehicle or ride an animal, and which can drive a vehicle or ride on an animal to a sufficient extent, and knows the traffic regulations.
§ 4 Obligations of road traffic
When participating in the road traffic, everybody is obliged to
a) behave and act in a respectful and disciplined way, as to not endanger life, health or property of others or his own, to not harm the environment or endanger the life of animals; that person must adapt its behavior in particular to the structural and technical conditions of the road, to the meteorological conditions, the situation on the road, to his abilities and his health status,
b) follow the traffic rules as governed by this Act, follow the police instructions, follow the instructions given by authorized persons to manage the road safety and to stop vehicles, and follow the guidance of persons of whom specific legal prescription is defined, issued to ensure the safety and flow of traffic on roads,
c) follow the light, or even accompanying acoustic signals, the traffic signs, the transport facilities and the equipment for operational details.
§ 23 Driving into the road
(1) When cycling in from a location outside the road into the road, the cyclist must give priority to car drivers or riders of animals driving on a road, or to organized body of pedestrians, or to animal guides with animals going on the road. This also applies when entering from a dedicated road or from cyclist road or from pedestrians or residential zone to another road.
§ 53 Walking
(1) A pedestrian must use primarily the pavement or pedestrian tracks. A pedestrian, who bears an object, which could endanger the traffic, must take the right roadside or the right edge of the road.
(2) Other participants of the road than pedestrians must not use the pavement or pedestrian tracks, unless this Act specifies otherwise.
(3) Where there is no pavement or, if impracticable, the pedestrian must walk on the left side of the road, and where there is no roadside or if it is impracticable, the pedestrian must come as close as possible to the left side of the road. Maximum of two pedestrians are allowed to go on the roadside of the road, or on the side of a vehicle. In reduced visibility, increased traffic on roads, or in dangerous or unclear sections, the pedestrians must walk only in succession.
(4) If an established track for cyclists and pedestrians is marked by a road sign "Track for cyclists and pedestrians" (C9), the pedestrian must not endanger a cyclist moving along the track.
(5) If an established track for cyclists and pedestrians is marked by a road sign "Track for cyclists and pedestrians", which has a separated lane for pedestrians and for cyclists (C10), the pedestrian must use only the lane marked for pedestrians. The lane marked for cyclists may be used by a pedestrian only for circumvention, entering and coming out from a trail for pedestrians and cyclists; and at the same time must not endanger cyclists riding in the lane marked for cyclists.
(6) A person moving on a manual or motorized wheelchair for disabled must not endanger other pedestrians on the pavement or path for pedestrians. If he cannot use the pavement, he may use the right roadside or right edge of the road.
(7) The person riding a bicycle or moped may use the pavement, only when he does not endanger other pedestrians; otherwise he must use the right roadside or right edge of the road.
(8) A person who is cross-country skiing, rollerblading or doing similar sport activity must not endanger other pedestrians on the pavement or on the track.
§ 57 Cycling
(1) If there is an established lane for cyclists, cycle way or if there is a crossway with a lane for cyclists, the cyclist must use it.
(2) On the road the cyclist must ride on the right roadside, if pedestrians are not endangered, cyclists may use the right side of the road. In terms of road traffic, a scooter is also assumed as a cycling vehicle.
(3) Cyclists may ride only one after another.
(4) If vehicles move slowly or stay behind each other the right side of the road, the cyclist can overtake or go round the right side along the right roadway of the vehicle, if there is enough space on the right of the vehicle; yet he is required to pay extra attention.
(5) If the established track for cyclists and pedestrians is marked a road sign "track for pedestrians and cyclists," the cyclist must not endanger a pedestrian walking on the track.
(6) If the established track for cyclists and pedestrians is marked a road sign "track for pedestrians and cyclists", which has separate lanes for pedestrian and cycle track, the cyclist must use only the lane marked for cyclists .The lane marked for pedestrian may be used by the cyclist only for passing, overtaking, turning, turning and braking on the approach routes for pedestrians and cyclists; he must not endanger any pedestrians going in the lane marked for pedestrians.
(7)A lane or path for cyclists can be used as well as by a person moving on cross-country skis or skates or similar sports equipment. However, this person must follow the rules under paragraphs 3, 5 and 6 and light signals according to § 73
(8) Before entering the road for cyclists, the cyclist must ensure that he can cross the roadway without endangering himself and other road users, the cyclist must cross the road only if given the distance and speed of approaching the vehicles without forcing their driver to change their direction or speed. On the crossing road for cyclists to ride on the right.
(1) A cyclist under 18 years old must ride with a safety helmet of a type approved by special legislation and have it placed and properly attached to the head.
(2) A child under the age of 10 years may be on the road, local place and publicly accessible communications, riding a bicycle only under the supervision of a person over 15 years old; it does not apply for riding on pavements, bikeway and pedestrian and residential zone.
(3) A single seat bicycle is not allowed to be ridden by two people, however, if the bicycle is equipped with an auxiliary seat for transporting children and fixed footrest, a person that is older than 15 years can carry a person which is under the age of 7 years.
(4) The cyclist must not ride without holding the handlebars or by holding to another vehicle, or at the same time holding a second bicycle, truck, dog or other animal and carry objects that would make it harder to control the bicycle or endanger other road users using the traffic. When riding the cyclist must keep his feet on the pedals.
(5) While driving in poor visibility a cyclist have to turn on his headlamps with white light shining forward and rear light with red light or flashing red light. If the roadway is enough and continuously illuminated, the cyclist may use a flashing white light instead.
(6) A barrow may be connected to a bicycle, if it is not wider than 800 mm, if it has two rear red reflectors of a non-triangular shape placed as close as possible to the side contours of the barrow and it is associated with the bicycle with a reliable fixed coupling. If the barrow or its baggage covers, on reduced visibility, the red rear lights of the bicycle, the barrow must be equipped with rear red light.